Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD is a disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development. It can affect both adults and children. There are three key components to the diagnosis:

  • Inattention means a person wanders off from tasks, lacks persistence, has difficulty sustaining focus, and is disorganized
  • Hyperactivity means a person seems to move about constantly, including in situations where it may not be seen as appropriate; or excessive fidgets, taps, or talks. In adults, it may be extreme restlessness or wearing others down with a constant activity
  • Impulsivity means a person makes hasty actions that occur on the spur, without first thinking of the consequences of those actions. An impulsive person may be socially intrusive and excessively interrupt others or make important decisions without considering long-term consequences

Some people with ADHD only have problems with inattention or hyperactivity, while others have problems with both. Most children have a combination type of ADHD

Remember, it is normal to have some inattention, unfocused motor activity, and impulsivity. However, for people with ADHD, these behaviors are more severe and often interfere with their function socially, at school, or a job.

People with symptoms of inattention may often:

  • Miss details, make careless mistakes in schoolwork, at work, or during other activities
  • Have problems sustaining attention in tasks or play, including conversations, lectures, or lengthy readings
  • Have problems organizing tasks and activities, such as what to do in sequence, keeping materials and belongings in order, have disorganized ways of working and poor time management failing to meet deadlines
  • Avoid or dislike tasks that require sustained mental effort, such as schoolwork or homework, or for teens and older adults, preparing reports, completing forms, or reviewing lengthy papers
  • Be easily distracted by unrelated thoughts or stimuli

 

People with symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity may often:

  • Be constantly in motion or on-the-go, or act as if “driven by a motor”
  • Talk nonstop
  • Interrupt or intrude on others, for example in conversations, games, or activities

If you have any questions or feel you need to discuss the potential risks of having ADHD, please feel free to make an appointment to evaluate your symptoms for a customized treatment.

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